Calculating subnets can be tricky, especially when you need to look at various parameters to see how many subnets to install and how many hosts to map to a subnet. Each subnet is routed via its own address, the subnets are connected via a router. The router needs the network address and the subnet mask to determine whether it should send incoming IP packets to the subnet.
With our network computer you can easily perform test calculations and thus determine the possible configuration. The subnet computer supports the entry of the IP address, the network size and the network mask. Depending on which entry you change, we will recalculate the networks. Calculating subnets or calculating networks is an important tool for anyone who has to do with setting up hosts, servers and routers.
|Host IP from
|Host IP to
|Number of IP Addresses
|Host No. 1
126.96.36.199/32 Quads Hex Binary Integer
------------------ --------------- -------- -------------------------------- ----------
IP Address: 188.8.131.52 03EF4C19 00000011111011110100110000011001 66014233
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.255 FFFFFFFF 11111111111111111111111111111111 4294967295
Network Portion: 184.108.40.206 03EF4C19 00000011111011110100110000011001 66014233
Host Portion: 0.0.0.0 00000000 00000000000000000000000000000000 0
Number of IP Addresses: 1
Number of Addressable Hosts: 1
IP Address Range: 220.127.116.11 - 18.104.22.168
Broadcast Address: 22.214.171.124
Min Host: 126.96.36.199
Max Host: 188.8.131.52
IPv4 ARPA Domain: 184.108.40.206.in-addr.arpa
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A subnet calculator is a tool that helps divide an IP address space into smaller networks called subnets. Subnetting is a technique used in IP networks to make addressing and managing devices more efficient. Here are the basic concepts:
Using a subnet calculator is especially important in larger networks to efficiently assign IP addresses, increase network security, and better manage network traffic. It also makes it easier to identify network problems and improves the overall scalability of IP networks.
A subnetwork is a subset of a larger IP network that serves to divide the IP address space into logically isolated sections. Dividing a network into subnets provides several benefits, including more efficient address usage, better security, and improved network organization.
Here are the basic components of a subnet and how it works:
IP Addresses: A subnet consists of a range of IP addresses. These addresses are selected from the network's entire IP address space. For example, a network might have the IP address range 192.168.1.0 to 192.168.1.255.
Subnet mask: The subnet mask is a sequence of numbers that indicates which parts of the IP address represent the network portion and the host portion. For example, the subnet mask could be 255.255.255.0, meaning that the first three octets (192.168.1) represent the network portion and the last octet is reserved for the individual devices on the network.
Logical Isolation: A subnet allows the IP address space to be logically isolated. Devices within the same subnet can communicate directly with each other as if they were on the same physical network. Devices on different subnets typically need to use a router to communicate with each other.
Efficient Address Usage: Using subnets allows the available IP address space to be used more efficiently. Instead of using all IP addresses in one large range, smaller ranges can be reserved for specific parts of the network.
Security: Subnets allow security policies to be applied at the subnet level. Traffic between subnets can be controlled through firewalls and other security mechanisms, improving the security of the network.
For example, a company might have one subnet for office equipment, another subnet for servers, and a third subnet for guest WiFi. This division helps organize network traffic, increase security, and optimize resource utilization.
The subnet mask is used to divide an IP network into smaller subnets. It consists of a series of 32 bits divided into four octets of 8 bits each. The subnet mask is usually represented in decimal form, with each octet separated by a period (for example, 255.255.255.0).
Here are the steps to calculate a subnet mask:
Decide how many subnets you need:
Consider how many networks or subnets you want to create from your overall network. The number of subnets determines the number of bits required for network division. Determine the number of bits for network sharing:
Count the number of bits needed to represent the number of subnets. These bits are later added to the subnet mask. Calculate the subnet mask in binary form:
Set the required bits in the subnet mask to 1 and pad the remaining bits with 0. Note that the subnet mask always starts with the left bits. For example, if you need 3 bits for network sharing, the binary form of the subnet mask is: 11100000 (for the first octet). Convert binary form to decimal form:
Convert each octet of binary form to the corresponding decimal number to represent the subnet mask in common decimal form. Here is an example: Suppose you want to divide a network into 8 subnets. You need 3 bits for network sharing.
Number of bits for network sharing: 3 bits Binary form of subnet mask: 11100000 (for the first octet) Decimal form of subnet mask: 224 (for the first octet) The full subnet mask for this example would then be 220.127.116.11.
It is important to note that the subnet mask always begins with a series of 1 bits followed by a series of 0 bits. The network and broadcast address bits are always set to 0 and 1, respectively.
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